Licklider, Joseph Carl Robnett; eminent psychologist and
psychoacoustician; visionary computer scientist; wrote seminal
paper, "Man-Computer Symbiosis," in 1960 inspiring the
transformation in computer science that led to networking; was
recruited in 1962 to head ARPA's behavioral sciences division and
lead ARPA into computer research; had been on faculty at MIT and
Harvard, researcher at Lincoln Lab and BBN; became leader in development of
time-sharing and interactive computing systems; later headed MIT's Project
MAC; died in 1990.
Taylor, Bob; director of ARPA Information Processing Techniques
Office from 1966 to 1969; had the idea for building ARPA
experimental computer network and obtained funding ($1 million) to
start it; recruited Larry Roberts from Lincoln Lab to be head of the
project; had studied psychoacoustics and mathematics at The
University of Texas in the 1950s; was a research administrator at
NASA before joining ARPA; later founded the computer science lab at Xerox's
Palo Alto Research Center; built digital equipment corporation Systems
Research Center in Palo Alto.
Roberts, Larry; engineer; director and principal architect of the
ARPA network experiment; often referred to as "the father of the
ARPANET"; designed and wrote the network specification, drafted the
Request For Proposals, and oversaw all work on the project from 1966
to 1973; became director of ARPA's Information Processing Techniques
Office in 1969; had conducted groundbreaking proof-of-principle TX-2
networking experiment with Tom Marill at Lincoln Lab in early 1966 before
moving to ARPA; wrote the first electronic mail manager software (called RD)
in 1973; left ARPA in 1973 to direct TELENET.
Baran, Paul; co-inventor of packet-switching; wrote papers on the
fundamentals of packet-switching and design of a distributed data
network in the early 1960s while working for RAND Corporation.
Cerf, Vint; co-inventor of the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP); became the leading advocate for its worldwide adoption in
the 1980s; had been a graduate student in computer science at UCLA in 1969;
involved in the installation of the first IMP and early operation of the
Network Measurement Center; member of the original Network Working Group
(NWG); co-author of 1976 multi-national internet protocol proposal rejected by
Herzfeld, Charles; director of the Advanced Research Projects Agency in
1967; granted Bob Taylor permission to spend $1 million on an experimental
computer network that became the ARPANET.
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