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J.C. R. LickliderLicklider, Joseph Carl Robnett; eminent psychologist and psychoacoustician; visionary computer scientist; wrote seminal paper, "Man-Computer Symbiosis," in 1960 inspiring the transformation in computer science that led to networking; was recruited in 1962 to head ARPA's behavioral sciences division and lead ARPA into computer research; had been on faculty at MIT and Harvard, researcher at Lincoln Lab and BBN; became leader in development of time-sharing and interactive computing systems; later headed MIT's Project MAC; died in 1990.

Bob TaylorTaylor, Bob; director of ARPA Information Processing Techniques Office from 1966 to 1969; had the idea for building ARPA experimental computer network and obtained funding ($1 million) to start it; recruited Larry Roberts from Lincoln Lab to be head of the project; had studied psychoacoustics and mathematics at The University of Texas in the 1950s; was a research administrator at NASA before joining ARPA; later founded the computer science lab at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center; built digital equipment corporation Systems Research Center in Palo Alto.

Larry RobertsRoberts, Larry; engineer; director and principal architect of the ARPA network experiment; often referred to as "the father of the ARPANET"; designed and wrote the network specification, drafted the Request For Proposals, and oversaw all work on the project from 1966 to 1973; became director of ARPA's Information Processing Techniques Office in 1969; had conducted groundbreaking proof-of-principle TX-2 networking experiment with Tom Marill at Lincoln Lab in early 1966 before moving to ARPA; wrote the first electronic mail manager software (called RD) in 1973; left ARPA in 1973 to direct TELENET.

Paul BaranBaran, Paul; co-inventor of packet-switching; wrote papers on the fundamentals of packet-switching and design of a distributed data network in the early 1960s while working for RAND Corporation.

Cerf, Vint; co-inventor of the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP); became the leading advocate for its worldwide adoption in the 1980s; had been a graduate student in computer science at UCLA in 1969; involved in the installation of the first IMP and early operation of the Network Measurement Center; member of the original Network Working Group (NWG); co-author of 1976 multi-national internet protocol proposal rejected by ARPA.

Herzfeld, Charles; director of the Advanced Research Projects Agency in 1967; granted Bob Taylor permission to spend $1 million on an experimental computer network that became the ARPANET.

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